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Metal Wheel from a Toy
Gold  Button
Fish  shaped pendant
Espinosa GP Bowl
Stone Axes
McElmo BW Mug
Metate
Stone frog pendant
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Pottery manufacture spread into the country known today as the Mogollon region of southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona by AD 200. Use of the local clays led to the production of the distinctive brown-colored Mogollon pots. The application of textures, firing techniques, slips, and paints transformed them into both functional and beautiful tools such as the stunning bowls created by the people of the Mimbres area.

Highway archaeology has revealed a great deal about the life of the Mogollon farmers who made the pots. These investigations have exposed villages of deep circular, and later, square pithouses with side entranceways. After AD 1000, surface pueblos were constructed of mud and stone. By the mid AD 1400s, Puebloan people had abandoned the region.

Introduction of Pottery to the Southwest
Ceramic technology first entered the Southwest through southern Arizona around 800 BC and changed the cultures of the Southwest forever. They provided for new ways of cooking and storing food as well as another medium for expressing cultural ideas through art. Archaeologists have used pottery to date periods of occupation, track trade networks and migrations, and explore kinship and other social systems.

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Map of a pithouse floor, ca. AD 1200, excavated at the Spurgeon Draw site.

Map of an excavated room at the Hough site, dating between AD 1255 - 1320.

Excavation of rooms in a surface pueblo at the Hough site.